Advances in Computer Chess 3 focuses on the mechanics involved in playing chess on computer. This book features an extensive discussion of the game wherein it is played in a different setting. The selection, which is composed of 13 chapters, features the extensive contributions of researchers who continuously search for ways to improve playing chess on computer. This book starts with the discussion of the basic principles and concepts that can impose changes on how the game is played. A discussion is devoted to the Belle chess hardware. What is clearly pointed out in this section is the speed of the program relative to responses made while playing. A comparison is made between the performance of human and computer in playing chess. The complexity of various computer moves are then elaborated by highlighting how these moves can alter the pace as well as the result of the game. The development of a program that is aimed at solving problems on how chess is played is also noted. This book is a sure hit for those who are fond of playing chess in any playing field.
An intense cat-and-mouse game played between two brilliant men in the last days of the Cold War, this shocking insider´s story shows how a massive giveaway of secret war plans and nuclear secrets threatened America with annihilation. In 1988 Joe Navarro, one of the youngest agents ever hired by the FBI, was dividing his time between SWAT assignments, flying air reconnaissance, and working counterintelligence. But his real expertise was ´´reading´´ body language. He possessed an uncanny ability to glean the thoughts of those he interrogated. So it was that, on a routine assignment to interview a ´´person of interest´´ - a former American soldier named Rod Ramsay - Navarro noticed his interviewee´s hand trembling slightly when he was asked about another soldier who had recently been arrested in Germany on suspicion of espionage. That thin lead was enough for the FBI agent to insist to his bosses that an investigation be opened. What followed is unique in the annals of espionage detection - a two-year-long battle of wits. The dueling antagonists: an FBI agent who couldn´t overtly tip to his target that he suspected him of wrongdoing lest he clam up, and a traitor whose weakness was the enjoyment he derived from sparring with his inquisitor. Navarro´s job was made even more difficult by his adversary´s brilliance: not only did Ramsay possess an authentic photographic memory as well as the second highest IQ ever recorded by the US Army, he was bored by people who couldn´t match his erudition. To ensure that the information flow would continue, Navarro had to pre-choreograph every interview, becoming a chess master plotting 20 moves in advance. And the backdrop to this mental tug of war was the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the very real possibility that its leaders, in a last bid to alter the course of history, might launch a devastating attack. If they did, they would have Ramsay to thank, because as Navarro would learn over th... ungekürzt. Language: English. Narrator: George Newbern. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/sans/007921de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Citizen-Surgeon takes readers into the otherwise inaccessible, remote, and intense world of life and surgery within a combat zone. In the backdrop of the U.S. led war in Afghanistan, amidst a defining U.S. Marine Corps offensive to conquer the Marjah region of Helmand Province, [then] U.S. Navy Commander Paul Roach and his company-mates assemble and congeal as a medical unit in Southern California, transport from the United States to their tents in Dasht-e-Margo (the Desert of Death) in the south of Afghanistan, and professionally execute their role as one of the few medical and surgical companies supporting this major military offensive. In the course of the books events the author undergoes a transformation from being a physician in a military uniform into a military officer that happens to be a physician. The crucible effecting this change is the military offensive and his role within it. Shocking and intense, an array of critical injuries and their treatments are described in rich language that anyone, medical or non-medical alike, can absorb. Death also pervades the atmosphere; intrusive, unyielding and painful, its battlefield familiarity and personal impact is resisted, suffered, and accepted. Citizen-Surgeon is an intimate portrayal, a chronicle, a celebration of friendship, love, success, failure, contemporary war and military medicine.It is a highly-readable account of a slice of reality that few people are privileged to know. It reflects deeply upon the nature of personal choice and how that choice puts us where we are in life, even if we did not fully see in advance how the choice would change us. Citizen-Surgeon also explores a variant of post-traumatic stress particular to medical assets, and it reveals one mans chess-match against it. It is a must-read for those with a specific interest in contemporary military medicine, and for those with broader, essentially human interests in individual growth, adventure, and self-actualization.
This book lays out a path leading from the linguistic and cognitive basics, to classical rule-based and machine learning algorithms, to todays state-of-the-art approaches, which use advanced empirically grounded techniques, automatic knowledge acquisition, and refined linguistic modeling to make a real difference in real-world applications. Anaphora and coreference resolution both refer to the process of linking textual phrases (and, consequently, the information attached to them) within as well as across sentence boundaries, and to the same discourse referent. The book offers an overview of recent research advances, focusing on practical, operational approaches and their applications. In part I (Background), it provides a general introduction, which succinctly summarizes the linguistic, cognitive, and computational foundations of anaphora processing and the key classical rule- and machine-learning-based anaphora resolution algorithms. Acknowledging the central importance of shared resources, part II (Resources) covers annotated corpora, formal evaluation, preprocessing technology, and off-the-shelf anaphora resolution systems. Part III (Algorithms) provides a thorough description of state-of-the-art anaphora resolution algorithms, covering enhanced machine learning methods as well as techniques for accomplishing important subtasks such as mention detection and acquisition of relevant knowledge. Part IV (Applications) deals with a selection of important anaphora and coreference resolution applications, discussing particular scenarios in diverse domains and distilling a best-practice model for systematically approaching new application cases. In the concluding part V (Outlook), based on a survey conducted among the contributing authors, the prospects of the research field of anaphora processing are discussed, and promising new areas of interdisciplinary cooperation and emerging application scenarios are identified. Given the books design, it can be used both as an accompanying text for advanced lectures in computational linguistics, natural language engineering, and computer science, and as a reference work for research and independent study. It addresses an audience that includes academic researchers, university lecturers, postgraduate students, advanced undergraduate students, industrial researchers, and software engineers. Massimo Poesio is a cognitive scientist with a primary interest in computational linguist but interests in psycholinguistics and neuroscience as well. His research includes the development of computational models of semantic and discourse interpretation (in particular, anaphora resolution); the creation of corpora of anaphorically annotated data (he pioneered the use of games-with-a-purpose for computational linguistics with the development of Phrase Detectives, http://www.phrasedetectives.org); the study of commonsense knowledge using a combination of methods from computational linguistics and from neuroscience; and the application of text analytics methods to real life problems, such as deception detection and the identification of reports of human rights violations in social media. Roland Stuckardt works as a consultant, research & development manager, and scientific researcher in the fields of computational linguistics and natural language processing. He studied computer science and economics at Goethe University Frankfurt. During his work at the German National Research Center for Information Technology (GMD) Darmstadt, he specialized in text analysis, parsing, discourse semantics, and robust anaphor resolution. He received his PhD at Goethe University for his research on computer-based text content analysis in the social sciences. Among his research interests and main fields of work are anaphora processing, information extraction, media content monitoring, innovative natural language processing applications in general, and computer chess. Yannick Versley is a group leader in the Leibniz-ScienceCampus Empirical Linguistics and Computational Language Modeling, a collaboration between the Institute for German Language (IDS) in Mannheim and the Institute for Computational Linguistics at the University of Heidelberg. He studied Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics in Hamburg before doing a PhD in Tübingen on the coreference resolution of definite noun phrases in German newspaper text. During his subsequent work in Rovereto/Trento, Tübingen, and Heidelberg, he has worked on a number of